IVF may be an option if you or your partner has one of the following:

  1. Fallopian Tube Damage or Blockage – this condition makes it difficult for an egg to be fertilized or for an embryo to travel to the uterus.
  2. Ovulation Disorders – If ovulation is infrequent or absent, fewer eggs are available for fertilization.
  3. Premature Ovarian Failure – Premature ovarian failure is the loss of normal ovarian function before age 40. If a woman’s ovaries fail, they don’t produce normal amounts of the hormone estrogen or have eggs to release regularly. It is a common knowledge that female aging affects the quality and quantity of eggs. Following the recent social, economic and sexual revolution, more females settle for family life at a rather advanced age. At an advanced age, the quality of eggs may be poor and the chances of spontaneous pregnancy is low. The woman may wait a long time without conception and may have to access IVF with egg donation from a younger female to achieve pregnancy.
  4. Endometriosis – Endometriosis occurs when the tissue of the lining of the uterus implants and grows outside of the uterus. Often this is seen in the pelvic cavity — most times it affects the function of the ovaries, uterus and fallopian tubes. It may cause adhesions, distortion and blockage of the fallopian tubes. It may affect the ovaries, causing a rapid deterioration of the ovarian reserve and quality of eggs. It may also cause abnormal vasculature in the lining of the uterus thereby impairing implantation. All these abnormalities may predispose a couple to needing IVF/ART.
  5. Previous Tubal Sterilization or Removal – If a couple want to conceive after a tubal ligation or sterilization procedure, IVF may be an alternative to tubal ligation reversal.
  6. Sperm Abnormalities – Low sperm concentration, weak movement or abnormalities in sperm size and shape can make it difficult for a sperm to fertilize an egg. Occasionally the sperms may even look normal but have a sperm DNA fragmentation. This will also make pregnancy difficult to achieve. If semen abnormalities are found, it may be necessary to evaluate the male partner just in case the problem is correctible.
  7. Infertility of Undetermined Cause – This means no cause of infertility has been found despite evaluation for common causes.
  8. A Genetic Disorder – If there is a chance that either partner is likely to passing on a genetic disorder to the child, the couple may be candidates of Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis — a procedure that involves IVF. After the eggs are harvested and fertilized, they are screened for certain genetic problems (although not all genetic problems can be found). Embryos that do not contain identified problems can be transferred to the uterus.
  9. Fertility Preservation for Cancer or Other Health Conditions – Cancer treatment such as chemotherapy or radiotherapy can damage the female eggs or male sperms beyond recovery. If such cancer treatment is been planned, IVF for fertility preservation may be an option. Women can have eggs harvested from their ovaries and frozen in an unfertilized state for later use. Another option is for the eggs to be fertilized and frozen as embryos for future use. The man can have his sperms collected and frozen for future use as well.
  10. Women who do not have a functional uterus or for whom pregnancy poses a serious health risk might choose IVF using another person to carry the pregnancy (Gestational Carrier). In this case, the woman’s eggs are fertilized with a sperm, but the resulting embryos are placed in the gestational carrier’s uterus.